How do the new Palace decrees change Turkish system
Days after taking up sweeping new executive powers, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan issued seven new decrees reshaping key political, military and bureaucratic institutions.
Presidential Decree No. 4 redefined the organisation, duties, powers and responsibilities of 52 institutions and foundations. The remaining presidential decrees were to amend the laws of the State Supervisory Board, the National Security Council Secretariat, the Supreme Military Council, and the Defence Industry Undersecreteriat.
Here are some bullet points from the decrees:
Widening the authority of the State Supervisory Board:
* The new decrees increased the power and responsibilities of the State Supervisory Board (DDK). The board was redefined as the supervisory body of the entire state system. It was authorised to determine all the principles of inspection and investigation within ministries. The procedures and policies regarding all inquiries within the bureaucracy and even the qualifications of investigators will from now on be determined by DDK. The board may also initiate an investigation directly with the approval of the chairman of the board.
* The DDK is authorised to file a criminal complaint or request the dismissal of any official.
* The job of the board under the old system was to report on inspections and initiate investigations or file lawsuits if necessary that were later forwarded to the president. Under the new decree law, the DDK can file a criminal complaint or request the dismissal of any official from any public institution.
* The DDK will also be able to remove officers from all military units regardless of rank. The DDK will now carry out inspections of the general staff and every level of the armed forces.
* The president will be appoint all DDK board members.
* DDK reports are to be confidential.
State broadcaster TRT:
* TRT will air all presidential announcements.
* TRT will educate the public about the benefits and principles of the president's policies in a 30-minute monthly programme.
* The principle of the neutrality of TRT was removed.
* Presidential decrees, decisions and circulars will be published in the Official Gazette. The presidency will approve the publication of some decisions, orders and circulars.
The Disaster and Emergency Management Authority:
*A Volunteer and Benefactor Relations Department was created within the Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD). The decree states this department can receive any kind of conditional and unconditional donations and grants" and can accept donations of all kinds of products, services, securities.
* All international agreements with foreign states and international organisations will be signed by the president on behalf of Turkey. Any kind of international cooperation that requires an amendment of the law will require the approval of parliament, which is also responsible for amending the local law.