How to rig an election

In its review of a new book, “How to Rig an Election”, the Washington Post said that dictators are too easily allowed to rig elections in all sorts of ways and that they rarely suffer any consequences.

The book, by Nic Cheeseman and Brian Klaas, gives Turkey’s 2017 referendum on the presidential system as a case study.

Despite concerns by the OSCE and Council of Europe over the way in which the referendum had been handled, U.S. President Donald Trump phoned Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to congratulate him on his victory, and Erdoğan learnt that there would be no consequences to shady dealings.

Cheeseman and Klaas, the Washington Post said, are calling on U.S. and European leaders to be less tolerant and more sceptical of elections abroad in order to root out “conterfeit democrats”.