Turkey’s Erdoğan shakes international order with foreign policy, FT says

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been utilising an aggressive foreign policy at the cost of deteriorating relations with Turkey's allies and neighbours, the Financial Times said on Monday.

"Turkey’s desire to gain greater influence in its neighbourhood is not new. But the increasingly bold pursuit of its goals has riled European and Arab leaders alike," the Financial Times said.

Turkey has launched three major military incursions in northern Syria, the latest in October, despite the objections of its western allies. It has also taken Qatar’s side during the Gulf dispute in 2017, and intervened in the Libyan conflict, pitting itself against several Gulf and international powers.

Turkey's Western allies have a share of responsibility for the chaotic shift of the country's foreign policy, said Sinan Ülgen, a former Turkish diplomat who chairs the Istanbul-based think-tank Edam, pointing to the breakdown of Ankara's relationship with Washington and the EU's ineffectiveness as an alternative security partner for Ankara.

But Erdoğan's foreign policy still possesses a soft spot, according to İlke Toygur, an analyst at Madrid-based think tank Elcano Royal Institute.

Erdoğan has been trying to diversify its security partners to help it increase its scope for action to pursue an independent foreign policy, but Ankara is vulnerable economically since it still relies on its Western allies, Toygur said.