Turkey least compliant in GRECO 2020 corruption review

The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) report for 2020 shows that Turkey is among the least compliant in terms of adopting recommendations to fight corruption.

The GRECO report provides group member states with a detailed analysis and set of recommendations to reduce the danger of corruption among the various arms of the state.

The 2020 report (which provides statistics for 2019) found that 57.1 percent of Members of the Turkish Parliament had not implemented the group’s recommendations to reduce corruption. More than 83 percent of judges had not followed the group’s recommendations, nor had 75 percent of prosecutors done so. This led to the total of 74.4 percent non-compliance, according to the report - the lowest average for all of the group’s member states.

Corruption is a serious problem in Turkey. According to Transparency International, fraud costs the country $40 billion per year. The Transparency International ranking for the country has dropped to 86th place out of 180 in 2020, from 90th place in 2019 and 74th in 2018. 

Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index annually ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption.

International corruption reports show corruption becoming more pervasive in Turkey’s public and private sectors. A January 2020 report by Denmark-based company GAN found “widespread” corruption in Turkey’s public and private sectors, while noting, “Public procurement and construction projects are particularly prone to corruption, and bribes are often demanded.” 

There has been extensive public criticism of the Turkish government’s failure to act on corruption.
Norway was the only country that fully followed the GRECO recommendations in 2019, according to the report. Turkey ranked last among countries for compliance with the recommendations, while Austria, which did not follow 70 percent of the recommendations, was the second-to-last country to follow Turkey.