Turkey places 40th among 41 countries in social justice index

Turkey has ranked 40th among 41 EU and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries in a social justice index measuring categories such as education and health.

The country placed 31st in poverty prevention, 41st in access to equal education, 37th in access to the labour market, 39th in inclusion in social life and non-discrimination, 18th in intergenerational justice, and 36th in health, the annual report prepared by Germany’s Bertelsmann Stiftung foundation found.

Turkey’s measured risk of poverty dropped from 17.5 percent to 14.9 percent since the 2009, however, this figure still remains high in comparison to other countries included in the study. 

Turkey is recovering from a deep economic downturn sparked by a currency crisis in the summer of 2018, pushing inflation to 25.2 percent, the highest level in a decade and a half.

The country hit the bottom of the index with regard to democracy quality, declining by 2.0 points relative to its 2014 level.

In the aftermath of a coup attempt that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) government survived in July 2016, there have been serious concerns about Turkey’s human rights and rule of law.

The International Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in a report published last month labelled Turkey as "very weak-performing democracy", the only country identified as such within Europe.

Meanwhile, Iceland, followed by Norway, Denmark, Finland and Sweden placed at the top of the social justice index.

Only Mexico lagged behind Turkey, according to the study.